PLACES THAT NEED TO CALM DOWN: EUROPE.
The Jewelled Gecko, Naultinus gemmeus, is endemic to the South Island of New Zealand. There are two main subgroups of jewelled geckos, with different coloring and patterns. Their diet mainly consists of insects and moths, but they also enjoy berries of certain plants, and the nectar of certain flowers…
(read more: Wikipedia)
photograph by Ohmecommons
Gromia sphaerica, the giant ameoba
It was discovered in 2000, along the Oman margin of the Arabian sea, at depths from 1163 to 1194 m (3816 to 3917 ft). Specimens range in size from 4.7 to 38 mm (0.2 to 1.5 in) in diameter. The test (organic shell) is usually spherical in shape and honeycombed with pores. There are filaments on the bottom of the organism, where it is in contact with the seafloor, and it is mostly filled with stercomata (waste pellets).
In 2008, 30-mm (1.2-in) specimens were found off the coast of Little San Salvador in the Bahamas by researchers from the University of Texas. These Gromia were discovered to make mud trails as much as 50 centimeters (20 inches) in length. It was previously thought that single-celled organisms were incapable of making these kinds of trails, and their cause was previously a source of speculation. The mud trails made by the Bahamian Gromia appear to match prehistoric mud trails from the Precambrian, including 1.8 billion year-old fossil trails in the Stirling formation in Australia.
… is a species of hermaphroditic marine flatworm in the family Pseudocerotidae. Pseudobiceros hancockanus lives in warm seas, sometimes on coral reefs, other times among coral fragments or stones, in the Indo-Pacific region.
Like other members of the genus, P. hancockanus is hermaphroditic with each individual able to function as either a male or female. Mating between two such worms involves penis fencing, as each worm tries to inject sperm into the other with one of its two stubby penises, while trying to avoid being inseminated itself. One explanation advanced for this behavior is that the female role entails more investment in the resulting fertilized eggs.
photograph by Jens Petersen
Two Pseudobiceros bedfordi about to have a Sperm Battle.
Species of the marine flatworm genus Pseudobiceros are hermaphroditic and have two penises that are used to inject sperm into the partner. P. bedfordi is exceptional in that it applies sperm onto the partner’s skin rather than injecting it.
photo/text: Nico Michiels